RCE Plant List – Fall 2018

Photo of Spurred butterfly pea, Centrosema virginianum, a beautiful vine for partially shaded conditions.


Plants listed below are available as of September, 2018.

Perennials and grasses are available in quart ($5 each) and/or 3-quart containers ($8 each).  In addition, some grasses are available as large plugs ($3 each).

Trees and shrubs are sold in small tree pots ($10 each) and/or large tree pots ($12 each).  The small treepots are 8 inches deep and the large treepots are 12 or 14 inches deep.

Key to abbreviations as well as links to additional resources are provided below the table.

RCE Plant List – Fall 2018



Species Name Common Name Watershed/Ecotype Sun/Moisture
Achillea millefolium  Common Yarrow CR/Henrico S – PS/D – M
Ageratina altissima White Snakeroot JR/JRP PS/M
Asarum canadense Wild Ginger JR/JRP Sh/M
Asclepias incarnata Swamp Milkweed CR/Henrico S – PS/M – W
Asclepias syriaca Common Milkweed JR/JRP S – PS/D – M
Campsis radicans Trumpet-vine JR/JRP S – PS/M – D
Centrosema virginianum Spurred Butterfly Pea RC/Richmond PS – Sh/D – M
Commelina virginica Virginia Dayflower CR/Henrico PS – Sh/M – W
Conoclinium coelestinum Blue Mistflower JR/JRP S – PS/M
Coreopsis lanceolata  

Lance-leaf Coreopsis

Unknown S – PS/D
Elephantopus carolinianus Carolina Elephant’s Foot CR/Henrico S – PS/D – M
Eupatorium pubescens Hairy Boneset JR/Richmond S – PS/D – M
Eupatorium serotinum Late-flowering Boneset JR/JRP S – PS/M
Eurybia divaricata White Wood Aster JR/JRP PS – Sh/D – M
Euthamia caroliniana Slender Flat-top Goldenrod CR/Henrico S/D – M
Euthamia graminifolia Grass-leaved Goldenrod CR/Henrico S – PS/D – M
Eutrochium dubium Coastal Joe-pye-weed CR/Henrico S – PS/M – W
Eutrochium fistulosum Hollow Joe-pye-weed JR/JRP S – PS/M – W
Gentiana saponaria Soapwort Gentian CR/Henrico S – PS/M
Helianthus angustifolius Swamp Sunflower Unknown (Ernst) S – PS/M
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal flower ES S – PS/M – W
Lobelia puberula Downy Lobelia CR/Henrico S – PS/M
Lobelia syphilitica Great Blue Lobelia Unknown (Ernst) S – PS/M – W
Lysimachia ciliata Fringed Loosestrife JR/JRP S – PS/M – W
Mitchella repens Partridgeberry CR/ Henrico PS – Sh/D – M
Monarda fistulosa Wild Bergamot, Beebalm ES (NoVA) S – PS/D – M
Packera aurea Golden ragwort JR/JRP PS – Sh/M – W
Passiflora incarnata Purple Passionflower JR/Richmond S – PS/D – M
Pluchea camphorata Camphorweed JR/JRP PS – Sh/M – W
Rudbeckia laciniata Green-headed Coneflower JR/JRP PS/M
Salvia lyrata Lyre-leaf Sage JR/JRP S – PS/D – M
Saururus cernuus Lizard’s Tail RC S – PS/W
Smallanthus uvedalia Hairy Leafcup JR/Richmond S – PS/D – M
Solidago altissima Tall Goldenrod RC/Richmond S – PS/D – M
Solidago odora Sweet Goldenrod CR/Henrico S – PS/D – M
Solidago rugosa Rough-stemmed goldenrod CR/Henrico S – PS/D – M
Symphyotrichum racemosum Small White Aster JR/Richmond S – PS/D – M
Tephrosia spicata Red hoary pea JR/Richmond S – PS/D
Verbesina alternifolia Wingstem JR/Richmond S – PS/D – M
Verbesina occidentalis Yellow Crownbeard JR/JRP S – PS/D – M
Vernonia noveboracensis New York Iroonweed CR/Henrico S-PS/D – M

GRASSES and Ferns

Species Name Common Name Ecotyype/Watershed Sun/Moisture
Andropogon gerardii Big Bluestem Ernst – NC Piedmont Ecotype S – PS/D – M
Andropogon glomeratus Bushy Bluestem CR/Henrico CP S/M – W
Andropogon ternarius Splitbeard Bluestem JR – Coastal Plain (Chesterfield) S – PS/D
Andropogon virginicus Broomsedge JR/JRP S – PS/D – M
Chasmanthium latifolium River oats Pamunkey River S – PS/M – W
Chasmanthium laxum Slender wood oats RC PS – Sh/M
Elymus hystrix Bottlebrush Grass JR/JRP S – PS/D – M
Elymus virginicus Virginia Wild Rye JR/JRP S – PS/D – M
Polystichum acrostichoides Christmas fern JR/JRP PS – Sh/D – M
Saccharum giganteum Sugarcane Plumegrass CR/Henrico S – PS/M – W
Saccharum brevibarbe Shortbeard plumegrass JR/Richmond S – PS/D – M
Schizachyrium scoparium Little Bluestem Ernst S/D
Sorghastrum nutans Indian Grass JR/Richmond S – PS/D – M
Tripsacum dactyloides Eastern Gamagrass JR/JRP S – PS/M


Species Name Common Name Ecotype/Watershed Sun/Moisture
Amorpha fruticosa Indigo Bush VA DoF S – PS/D – M
Asimina triloba Pawpaw JR/Richmond PS – Sh/M
Callicarpa americana American Beautyberry Blackwater River/Waverly S – PS/D – M
Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush JR/JRP S – PS/M – W
Clethra alnifolia Coastal sweet pepperbush RC PS – Sh/M
Corylus americana American Hazelnut VA DoF S – Sh/D – M
Euonymous americana Strawberry Bush ES/4020 PS – Sh/M
Hibiscus laevis Halberd-leaf Rose Mallow JR/JRP S – PS/M – W
Hypericum prolificum Shrubby St. John’s -wort JR/JRP S – PS/D – M
Ilex opaca American Holly RC PS – Sh/D
Lindera benzoin Spicebush JR/Richmond PS – Sh/M
Rubus occidentalis Black Raspberry Unknown – derived from “volunteer” plants in Richmond S – PS/D
Sambucus canadensis Black Elderberry Unknown S – PS/M


Impatiens capensis Jewelweed RC Sh/M – W
Trichostema dichotomum Blue Curls JR/Richmond PS – Sh/D


Abbreviation Key:

AR = Appomattox River

CR = Chickahominy River

DoF = plants derived from Virginia Department of Forestry plants

Ernst = Ernst Conservation Seeds of unknown ecotype

ES = plants derived from Earth Sangha plants from northern Virginia

JR = James River

JRP = James River Park

RC = Reedy Creek (Richmond)


Light Conditions                                           Soil Conditions

S = Sunny                                                       D = Dry

PS = Part sun/Part Shade                            M = Moist

Sh = Shade                                                      W = Wet


Resources to learn more detail about specific species:

  1. USDA Plant Database: https://plants.usda.gov/java/

This is an excellent resource.  For the more common plants, there are “Fact sheets” or “Plant Guides” that provide excellent detail.  In addition, it provides links for other sites such as the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center.

  1. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center: https://www.wildflower.org/plants/

This site provides good thumbnail sketches for plants of interest.  It also tends to have more photographs of the plants to provide a sense of how they look in a landscape.

  1. Illinois Wildflowers: http://www.illinoiswildflowers.info/                                          Good level of detail including interactions with pollinators and other insects.4.Missouri Botanical Garden: http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/plantfinder/plantfindersearch.aspx

Level of detail is somewhere between the thumbnail sketches of LBJ Wildflower Center and the fact sheets provided by USDA site.

  1. Chesapeake Bay Native Plant Center: http://www.nativeplantcenter.net/

This is an interactive site that allows you to choose plants based on a variety of factors.

  1. Digital Atlas of the Virginia Flora: http://vaplantatlas.org/

This site provides range maps, thumbnail sketches, and a few pictures.  The maps provide the best information available regarding whether a plant is native to yo